BioStar Blog Articles — carbohydrates

Getting Started With the Whole Food Diet

alfalfa All Articles carbohydrates Equine Health fats forage grass hay history Nutrition & Feeding oils omegas proteins Tigger's Blog water whole foods

It can seem daunting to disconnect ourselves from commercial horse feeds and plunge into the world of the whole food diet. It was daunting for me too! But I realized that the cornerstones of...

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Understanding Non-structural and Structural Carbohydrates

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Understanding the difference between non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) and structural carbohydrates, and how they are calculated, can be an important guide to maintaining healthy weight and a more balanced metabolism in easy keepers and metabolic horses.

There are two general categories of carbohydrates: non-structural and structural. Starches and sugars are known as non-structural carbohydrates. They are digested by enzymes and absorbed in the foregut. Although minimal carbohydrate digestion happens in the stomach, most of the digestion and absorption occurs in the small intestine.

Structural carbohydrates are fiber components like cellulose, pectin, fructan, and hemicellulose that are digested with the help of  microorganisms in the hindgut.

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